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Table 2 Federal Funding of R&D in California

From: The emergence and diffusion of DNA microarray technology

Federal Funding of R&D in California
Year 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
R&D obligations (millions of dollars) 14,884 11,280 12,704 12,658 13,731 12,222 15,600 14,083 12,651 15,686
Industry R&D (millions of dollars) 26,541 28,541 28,710 28,710 34,011 35,568 39,047 45,769 41,745 39,664
Academic R&D (millions of dollars) 2,380 2,484 2,594 2,791 2,979 3,302 3,573 4,053 4,422 4,882
   life sciences (percent) 58.00% 58.00% 57.00% 56.00% 56.00% 57.00% 56.00% 58.00% 58.00% 58.17%
   engineering (percent) 13.00% 13.00% 13.00% 14.00% 15.00% 15.00% 15.00% 15.00% 13.00% 13.08%
   physical sciences (percent) 13.00% 12.00% 12.00% 13.00% 13.00% 12.00% 12.00% 12.00% 11.00% 10.63%
Number of SBIR awards* 850 1,012 968 971 1,046 937 992 953 1,036 1,236
Utility patents issued to state residents 8,958 9,263 10,473 11,290 15,793 16,774 17,492 ND 18,598 18,829
Department of Defense (millions of dollars) 9,525 6,598 7,272 7,798 8,171 6,437 9,252 7,717 5,822 7,915
  1. *In addition to SBIR and STTR awards, California firms received 184 ATP awards from 1990–2004